Recent Patents on Engineering, Vol 11, No 1 (2017)

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Online Surface Defects Detection System For Cold-rolled Steel Strip

Dr. Zimiao ZHANG, Dr. Shihai ZHANG, Dr. Qiu LI

Abstract


Background: Online inspection technology of cold-rolled steel surface defects has become an important means to improve product quality. This paper focuses on the development of cold-rolled steel strip surface defects detection system using the line light source and line scan cameras.
Objective: The image of the strip surface needs to be of sufficient quality so that defects can be detected accurately. Basically this concerns image gray level. The image processing of defects detection needs to overcome the influence of the noise points and complete the defects contour extraction well.
Method: A closed-loop control method, which evaluates the gray value of captured image and adjusts the exposure time of line scan camera accordingly is studied. A six steps image processing method is proposed. It could complete the contour extraction of surface defects well with ensuring the processing time.
Results: Experimental results show that the system can realize online detection for cold-rolled steel strip surface defects.
Conclusion: The defects of cold-rolled steel strips need to be recorded. The patent proposed in this paper provides a new way of surface defects inspection based on machine vision.

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